This view shows the Breidamerkurjökull Glacier in Iceland. Breidamerkurjökull is the main glacier of Vatnajökull, the largest ice cap in Europe, which covers 8 percent of southeast Iceland. The white specks in the water are icebergs, big pieces of ice that have broken off the glacier. A few hundred years ago, this area was farmed. But from about 1650 to the late 1800s, Vatnajökull expanded and formed Breidamerkurjökull. This period of slight cooling in the Northern Hemisphere is called the Little Ice Age.
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