Scientists at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, have found that low oxygen levels in seawater could blind some marine invertebrates. The results are the first demonstration that vision in marine invertebrates is highly sensitive to the amount of available oxygen in the water, according to the lead investigator on the study. Oxygen levels in the sea are changing as a result of natural and human-caused processes. Many marine invertebrates depend on vision to find food and shelter and to avoid predators, especially in their early life stages when they are planktonic. That's especially true for crustaceans and cephalopods, which are common prey for other animals and whose larvae migrate in the water column. Research on land-based animals has shown that low oxygen levels can affect vision; humans can lose visual function in low-oxygen conditions. Pilots flying at high altitude, for instance, may experience vision impairment if planes fail to supplement cockpits with additional oxygen. And health problems such as high blood pressure and stroke, both linked with oxygen loss, can damage vision. The scientists were surprised to see that within a few minutes of being exposed to low oxygen, some marine species became nearly blind. Fortunately, when oxygen levels were restored, most ocean creatures recovered some visual function, indicating that short-term periods of low oxygen might not cause permanent damage.
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