Exciting change is on the way! Please join us at nsf.gov for the latest news on NSF-funded research. While the NSF Science360 page and daily newsletter have now been retired, there’s much happening at nsf.gov. You’ll find current research news on the homepage and much more to explore throughout the site. Best of all, we’ve begun to build a brand-new website that will bring together news, social media, multimedia and more in a way that offers visitors a rich, rewarding, user-friendly experience.

Want to continue to receive email updates on the latest NSF research news and multimedia content? On September 23rd we’ll begin sending those updates via GovDelivery. If you’d prefer not to receive them, please unsubscribe now from Science360 News and your email address will not be moved into the new system.

Thanks so much for being part of the NSF Science360 News Service community. We hope you’ll stay with us during this transition so that we can continue to share the many ways NSF-funded research is advancing knowledge that transforms our future.

For additional information, please contact us at NewsTravels@nsf.gov

Top Story

Organisms with small genomes, cells found thriving in hot soils

As the Earth warms, what life will survive and thrive? If the coal fire-fueled soils around Centralia, Pennsylvania, are any indication, organisms with smaller genomes and cells may do well in the future. The results of a new study represent the first time such microbes have been found afield. The research clearly shows that for soil microbiomes, hot temperatures result in both smaller genomes on average and smaller cell sizes. This isn't the case of simply one microbe embracing an economical approach; the majority of populations living in the steaming ground have these same traits. In an interesting twist, the tiny organisms' genome sizes resemble those found in a completely different region of the world -- those found in Arctic permafrost. Soil is one of the world's most complex, most diverse habitats. A single teaspoon may hold millions of microbes ­-- active and dormant. In fact, it's the dormant microbes that have attracted the attention of the research team, as they appear to be the leading potential source of these thermophile organisms in Pennsylvania.

Visit Website | Image credit: Michigan State University